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Top placenames of indigenous origin in the Americas: All

Rank Topic Wikipedia views
Oct 21 2010
1 Texas - ultimately from Caddo , "friend". 25848
2 Toronto 19366
3 Massachusetts - from an Algonquian language of southern New England, and apparently means "near the small big mountain", usually identified as Great Blue Hill on the border of Milton and Canton, Massachusetts Salwen, Bert, 1978. Indians of Southern New England and Long Island: Early Period. In "Northeast", ed. Bruce G. Trigger. Vol. 15 of "Handbook of North American Indians", ed. William C. Sturtevant, pp. 160-176. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. Quoted in: Campbell, Lyle. 1997. American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pg. 401</ref> (c.f. the Narragansett name Massachusêuck). 19247
4 Quebec - from Míkmaq kepék, "strait, narrows" 18130
5 Ontario 17083
6 Alaska - from Aleut alaxsxaq, "the mainland" (literally "the object towards which the action of the sea is directed"). 17030
7 Seattle - named after Chief Seattle, whose Lushootseed name was . 16231
8 Manhattan - probably from <man-ǎ-hǎ-tonh>, which seems to reflect Munsee Delaware , "where one gathers bows" (with -/aht/-, "bow"). 15963
9 Minnesota - from Dakota mni-sota, "turbid water". 14805
10 Illinois - from the French rendering of an Algonquian (perhaps Miami) word apparently meaning "s/he speaks normally" (c.f. Miami ilenweewa), from Proto-Algonquian *elen-, "ordinary" + -wē, "to speak", referring to the Illiniwek. 14663
11 Miami - from an Indian name for Lake Okeechobee, but the meaning and the source language aren't known. 13909
12 Ohio - from Seneca ohi:yo’, "beautiful river". 13066
13 Michigan - from Ottawa mishigami, "large water" or "large lake".". </ref> 12702
14 Connecticut - from some Eastern Algonquian language of southern New England (perhaps Mahican), meaning "at the long tidal river" (after the Connecticut River). Campbell (1997:11)</ref> The name reflects Proto-Eastern-Algonquian *kwən-, "long"; *-əhtəkw, "tidal river"; and *-ənk, the locative suffix 12374
15 Mississippi River 11273
16 Arizona - may be from O'odham , "having a little spring", though it may come from Basque: aritz zonak ("Good oaks"). Bright (2004:47)</ref> 11211
17 Niagara Falls 10529
18 Wisconsin - originally "Mescousing", from an Algonquian language, though the source and meaning is not entirely clear; most likely from the Miami word Meskonsing meaning "it lies red" (c.f. Ojibwe miskosin). 10465
19 Alabama - named for the Alabama tribe, whose name derives from a Choctaw phrase meaning "Thicket-clearers" or "plant-cutters" (from albah, "(medicinal) plants", and amo, "to clear"). The modern Choctaw name for the tribe is Albaamu. 10002
20 Tennessee - Derived from the name of a Cherokee village, Tanasi, whose etymology is unknown. 9795
21 Missouri - named for the Missouri tribe, whose name comes from Illinois mihsoori, "dugout canoe". 9608
22 Kentucky - from an Iroquoian word meaning "at the meadow" or "on the prairie" Mithun, Marianne. 1999. Languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pg. 312</ref> (c.f. Seneca gëdá’geh (), "at the field"). 9581
23 Ottawa - from Ojibwe "Odaawaa", refers to the dialect Odawa which comes from "daawaa" or to trade 8555
24 Oklahoma - invented by Alan Wright as a rough translation of "Indian Territory"; in Choctaw, okla means "people", "tribe", or "nation", and homa- means "red", thus: "Red people". 8393
25 New Mexico - the name "Mexico" comes from Nahuatl Mēxihco, of unknown derivation. 8306
26 Nebraska - from Chiwere ñįbraske, "flattened water". </ref> 7971
27 Utah - from a language of one of the Ute tribe's neighbors, such as Western Apache yúdah, "high up". 7892
28 Mississippi - from an Algonquian language, probably Ojibwe, meaning "big river" (Ojibwe misiziibi). 7817
29 Iowa - from Dakota ayúxba or ayuxwe, via French Aiouez. 7727
30 Kansas - from the autonym kką:ze. 7620
31 Arkansas - from the Illinois rendering of the tribal autonym kką:ze (see Kansas, below), which the Miami and Illinois used to refer to the Quapaw. Rankin, Robert. 2005. "Quapaw". In Native Languages of the Southeastern United States, eds. Heather K. Hardy and Janine Scancarelli. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, pg. 492</ref> 6845
32 Wyoming - from Munsee Delaware xwé:wamənk, "at the big river flat". 6773
33 Milwaukee and Milwaukee County - Algonguin word Millioke which means The Good Land, or Gathering place by the water. Another interpretation is beautiful or pleasant lands. 6676
34 Idaho - may be from Plains Apache ídaahę́, "enemy", used to refer to the Comanches, or it may have been an invented word. 6340
35 Saskatchewan 6164
36 Winnipeg -- a transcription of a western Cree word meaning "muddy waters" 5789
37 Manitoba 5599
38 North and South Dakota - dakhóta comes from the Sioux word for "friend" or "ally". 5221
39 Nunavut 5134
40 Tampa - probably from the name of a Calusa village, with no further known etymology. 5125
41 Denali, Denali National Park - from Koyukon deenaalee, "the tall one" (with -naał-, "be long/tall"). 3936
42 Yukon 3435
43 Spokane - from the Spokane dialect of Interior Salish spoqín. 3155
44 Denendeh 3138
45 Mobile - named for a group of the Alabama tribe, from Spanish Mauvila, perhaps from Choctaw moeli, "to row, to paddle". 2752
46 Malibu - from Ventureño <Umalibu>, perhaps reflecting , "it (the surf) makes a loud noise all the time over there". 2416
47 Saskatoon - from Cree misāskwatōmin, "saskatoon berry." 2274
48 Topeka - from Kansa , "a good place to dig wild potatoes". 1926
49 Waco - from Wichita , the name of a tribal subgroup. 1866
50 Pensacola - from the Choctaw name of a Muskogean group, "hair people", from p<u>a</u>shi, "hair" + oklah, "people". 1798
51 Iqaluit 1578
52 Poughkeepsie 1396
53 Simi Valley - from Ventureño <Simiyi>. 851
54 Walla Walla 832
55 Yukon River <!--of course--> 814
56 Oshawa 745
57 Nanaimo 736
58 Mankato, Minnesota 712
59 Wenatchee 568
60 Oshkosh - Menominee Chief Oshkosh, whose name meant "claw" (cf. Ojibwe oshkanzh, "the claw"). 527
61 Okanagan 519
62 Coquitlam 505
63 Palouse 501
64 Moab, Utah - from Paiute "moapa," meaning "mosquitoes;" possibly named after the biblical Moab. 478
65 Waukesha and Waukesha County - Potawatomi word meaning little foxes. 427
66 Natchitoches - after the Natchitoches Indians 420
67 Saguenay<!--might be fr?--> 402
68 Nunavik <!--should maybe be in prov/terr list as is Qu. equiv. of Nunavut--> 382
69 Houma 379
70 Chilliwack 367
71 Sarasota County, Florida: Sarasota is named from a Calusa word which possibly means "Point of Rocks". 363
72 Minnesota River 363
73 Winona, Minnesota 355
74 Bemidji, Minnesota - Shortened from the Ojibwe language: <u>Bemiji</u>gamaag "Traversing lake". 334
75 Puyallup 304
76 Tuktoyaktuk 304
77 Minnetonka, Minnesota 298
78 Seminole County, Florida: Seminole is named after the Seminole Native American tribe. 267
79 Okanagan Lake & Okanagan River 260
80 Osceola County, Florida: Osceola is named after Osceola, the Native American leader who led the Second Seminole War. 255
81 Mesabi Range 239
82 Alachua County - from the Timucuan chua, meaning sinkhole . 235
83 Dakota County, Minnesota 234
84 Owatonna, Minnesota 231
85 Housatonic River From the Mohican phrase "usi-a-di-en-uk", translated as "beyond the mountain place" 229
86 Mount Timpanogos - from Paiute for "rocks and runny water." 229
87 Canandaigua 219
88 Chanhassen, Minnesota 209
89 Opelousas - different possible meanings, either "Black Leg" (the name of the tribe living there), or possibly from the Attakapas language, from the Attakapas words Ap (at this place) and Elush (it is very hot). 205
90 Shawinigan 202
91 Osoyoos 202
92 Okaloosa County, Florida: Okaloosa is named from the Choctaw words oka (water) and lusa (black). 197
93 Stadacona 196
94 Kootenay 191
95 Stikine River 178
96 Kanab, Utah - from Paiute word for willow tree. 172
97 Chaska, Minnesota 160
98 Shakopee, Minnesota - From the Dakota language: Shák'pí "Six" 160
99 Apalachicola - from Choctaw Apalachee + oklah, "people". Name of the Apalachicola tribe. 159
100 County and City of Anoka 157
101 Okeechobee County, Florida: Okeechobee is named from the Hitchiti words oki (water) and chobi (big), a reference to Lake Okeechobee, the largest lake in Florida. 156
102 Skeena River 154
103 Chehalis, Chehalis River 150
104 Wayzata, Minnesota 149
105 Lillooet 142
106 Bella Coola 141
107 Nass River 139
108 Cariboo 138
109 Snohomish - Lushootseed , the name of a Salishan group (earlier ). 137
110 Neah Bay 133
111 Skagit River 125
112 Klondike 124
113 Athabasca 124
114 Kitsap Peninsula, Kitsap County 113
115 Oneida 108
116 Omak 102
117 Winnebago County - the Winnebago people. 101
118 Ponchatoula is a name signifying "falling hair" or "hanging hair" or "flowing hair" from the Choctaw Pashi "hair" and itula or itola "to fall" or "to hang" or "flowing". The Choctaw name Ponchatoula means "flowing hair", arrived at by the Choctaw as a way of expressing the beauty of the location with much moss hanging from the trees. "Ponche" is a Choctaw word meaning location, an object, or a person [link]. See the eponymous Ponchatoula Creek. 99
119 Koochiching County, Minnesota - From the Ojibwe language: Goojijiing "At the inlet" 98
120 Menominee County - the Menominee people 95
121 Oneida County - the Oneida people. 91
122 Iowa County - the Iowa people 90
123 County and City of Kandiyohi 90
124 Alsek River 86
125 Mahtomedi, Minnesota 81
126 Chisago County, Minnesota - Shortened from the Ojibwe language: Gi<u>chi-zaaga</u>'igan "Big lake". 81
127 Nechako River 81
128 Chilcotin 79
129 Oquirrh Mountains - from Goshute for "glowing, or wooded mountain." 79
130 Ucluelet 75
131 Sicamous 74
132 Chippewa County, Minnesota 73
133 Waseca, Minnesota 72
134 Inukjuak 72
135 Chippewa County - the Ojibwe (or Chippewa) people 69
136 County and City of Mahnomen - From the Ojibwe language: Manoomin "Wild rice" 67
137 County and City of Isanti 66
138 Cariboo Mountains 65
139 Tagish Lake 63
140 Bella Bella 61
141 Wadena, Minnesota 60
142 Okanogan 56
143 Snoqualmie River, Snoqualmie Pass 54
144 Quinnipiac River - From an Algonquian phrase for "long water land". 51
145 Nooksack River 49
146 Kamas, Utah - from indigenous word for an edible, wild bulb. 48
147 Kanabec County, Minnesota - From the Ojibwe language: <u>Ginebik</u>o-ziibiing "At the Snake River" 47
148 Cheakamus River 47
149 Taku River 46
150 Hackensack, Minnesota 44
151 Mendota, Minnesota 42
152 Onondaga 40
153 Similkameen River 40
154 Stehekin 39
155 Otsego, Minnesota 39
156 Cassiar Mountains 39
157 Squamish River 37
158 Lake Bemidji<!-- 36
159 Waconia, Minnesota 36
160 Minneiska, Minnesota 36
161 Lillooet Ranges 36
162 Cohasset, Minnesota 35
163 Hochelaga 34
164 Lake Winnibigoshish 33
165 Zumbrota, Minnesota 32
166 Eyota, Minnesota 31
167 Atlin Lake 31
168 Chilcotin Ranges 31
169 Cokato, Minnesota 30
170 Nisswa, Minnesota 29
171 Chilko Lake, Chilko River, Taseko River 29
172 Chilcotin River 29
173 Puposky, Minnesota 29

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